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JCAA Newsletter

June 2017
NOTICES
New Fluke Regulations for 2017
by John Toth
The culmination of our struggle to have fluke regulations that we wanted for 2017 (5 fish - 18- inches- and a 125-day season - the same as 2016 - Status Quo) was decided at a NJ Marine Fisheries Council meeting at the Community Center in Avalon, NJ on May 17th. This meeting started at 4:00 p.m. and finished at 5:30 p.m. It was chaired by Councilman Dick Herb and it was attended.....
JCAA High Roller Raffle 2017
by Don Marantz
The Jersey Coast Anglers Association is a charitable non-profit 501(c)3 organization that was formed in 1981. The original objective of the JCAA, that continues today, was to combine a group of marine sportfishing clubs in order to form and promote a united consensus on issues relevant to saltwater anglers in New Jersey. JCAA works to protect the rights of New Jersey's recreational fishermen by.....
Win Big in the Fisherman Magazine’s 2017 Dream Boat Challenge
by Jim Hutchinson, Jr.
By subscribing to The Fisherman Magazine, you are automatically eligible to enter our annual Dream Boat Challenge; there is no additional entry fee to shell out, no extra hoops to jump through, nothing. Aside from catching some fish but odds are that you were going to be doing that anyway! The Dream Boat Challenge has become quite the tradition for rabid fresh and saltwater.....
President's Reportby John Toth
The actions of NOAA and its National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), including the MAFMC and the ASMFC, are causing a slow and painful death spiral of our fishing industry with its continued reductions in what we can fish for. With the introduction of an 18-inch minimum size for fluke, many anglers could not catch fluke at this size and went home with not much to show for and.....
Fisheries Management & Legislative Report by Tom Fote
Summer Flounder
The never-ending story continues. It has been an interesting couple of months dealing with the summer flounder issue. I have never had so many conference calls and meetings with DEP Commissioner Martin and his staff over this issue. I have never had this number of discussions with a DEP Commissioner on any issue. When the ASMFC voted on an option in February to move us from 18 to.....
Black Sea Bass
As bad as the summer flounder regulations are, the black sea bass regulations are even worse. Bad decisions are made when meeting times exceed 6 hours. As you can read in the motions below by the Black Sea Bass Board, at the last minute they decided to reduce the winter season to a 5-fish bag without knowing the economic consequences for the recreational sector. We also have.....
What Drives Fisheries Management Today
We all know black sea bass and summer flounder are difficult regulations. What drives fisheries managers to make decisions they know will force unnecessary cutbacks? In the mid 90’s, NMFS was sued several times by environmental groups who have deep pockets to fund their lawsuits. After incurring the costs in staff time and paying the plaintiff’s costs, NMFS began to avoid lawsuits.....
Letter from DEP Commissioner Robert Martin Regarding the NJ’s Appeal on Summer Flounder
Dear Mr. Chairman:

I am writing in response to your April 14, 2017 decision to reject, without the opportunity for a hearing, two of the three grounds raised in New Jersey's appeal of the ASMFC's approval of Addendum XXVIII. We are deeply disappointed that you have refused.....
ASMFC Summaries
Tautog Management Board
Atlantic Striped Bass Management Board
Coastal Sharks Management Board
ASMFC Presents Annual Awards of Excellence
.....
Youth Education Report by Greg Kucharewski
National Fishing & Boating Week
June 4–12, 2017
NF&BW Free Fishing Days in New Jersey are June and October, 2017. The first FREE day in NJ is on June 10, 2017. This day is part of the National Fishing and Boating Week which highlights the importance of recreational boating and fishing to enhance peoples' quality of life and to preserve our country's natural beauty. The second Free Fishing Day will occur after fall trout trout stocking, October......

Calendar of Events

May 30th - High Rollers Raffle drawing at JCAA Office
May 30th - JCAA General Meeting at JCSA Building
June 8th - JCAA Board Meeting
August 5th - JCAA Fluke Tournament
August 10th - Fluke Tournament Awards Presentations
GoTo: Interactive Calendar of Events

Acronyms, Abbreviations & Technical Terms Used in Fisheries Management Documents

EEZ = Exclusive Economic Zone = Federal water from 3 to 200 nautical miles offshore. Fisheries in the EEZ are generally under federal Control

M = Natural mortality (M) - The instantaneous rate at which fish die from all causes other than harvest. This rate has traditionally included unmeasured bycatch mortality, but as research has documented bycatch, it is increasingly included in "F". Usually "M" is an assumption or estimate from maximum age data or the value used for other species with a similar life history strategy. Natural mortality can rarely be measured directly.

MRFSS = Marine Recreational Fisheries Statistics Survey

MSP = Maximum spawning potential = The estimated female spawning stock biomass or egg production in the absence of fishing. A percentage of this value (% MSP) can be used as a measure of the health of a stock.

MSY = Maximum sustainable yield = The largest catch, on average, which can be taken from a stock over time under existing environmental conditions without affecting the reproductive capacity of the stock.

MT = Metric Ton = 2,204.6 pounds

Recruit = An individual fish which has entered a defined group through growth,spawning, or migration, such as those fish above minimum legal size ( fishable stock) or which are sexually mature ( spawning stock).

Recruitment = A measure of weight or number of fish which enter a defined portion of a stock, such as fishable stock or the spawning stock.

SPR = Spawning potential ratio = SPR compares the spawning ability of a stock in the fished condition to the stock’s spawning ability in the unfished condition

SSB = Spawning stock biomass = total weight of fish which are sexually mature; generally pertaining only to females

TAC = Total allowable catch

Threshold = that point where the fishery is regarded as overfished

Target Values = that value or below which allows the fishery to be self sustaining

Biomass = The total weight of a stock of fish or of a defined subunit of a stock, such as spawning females (SSB)

Bycatch = That portion of a catch taken incidentally to the targeted catch because of non-selectivity of fishing gear to either species or size differences. Some by catch may be retained, but most is usually discarded

CPUE = C/E = The catch taken by a given amount of fishing gear during a given period of time. Over time, CPUE data often provides an indication of trends in abundance in a fish stock

Coastal Pelagic = Fish that migrate along the coast, generally near shore, and live in the water column rather than in association with the bottom.

Demersal = Refers to organisms which live at or near the bottom, but not in (Benthic) the bottom

Estuary = A coastal area landward of the ocean beach where freshwater and saltwater mix. Estuaries are among the most biologically productive and environmentally sensitive habitats.

ITQ = Individual transferable quota + A form of controlled access in which individual persons or vessels receive a property right to a share or specific allocation of the total expected harvest of fish which they can buy, sell, lease, etc.

Mortality rate = the rate at which fish die. Mortality can be expressed as annual percentages or instantaneous rates (the fraction of the stock which dies within each small amount of time). Fishery scientists utilize several different types of mortality to evaluate status of fish stocks, and some serve as biological reference points (Instantaneous rates are used in most stock assessments)

A = Annual mortality = the percentage of a fish stock which dies from all causes during a year.

Fishing mortality (F) = A measurement of the rate of removal of fish from a population by fishing. Fishing mortality can be reported as either annual or instantaneous. Annual mortality is the percentage of fish dying in one year. Instantaneous is that percentage of fish dying at ny one time. The acceptable rates of fishing mortality may vary from species to species. There are several kinds of fishing mortality rates; some of the more common include the following:

F max = The rate of fishing mortality which maximizes the weight taken from a single cohort* over its entire life. (* a group of fish spawned during a given period, usually in a single year)

F msy = The rate of fishing mortality, which maximizes the weight of the harvest within a year.

F 0,1 = The rate of fishing mortality at which an increase in catch for a given increase in effort is only 10% of what it would be from an unfished stock.

Z = Total instantaneous mortality = The sum of fishing F and natural mortality M